Categories: Hangzhou

Mausoleum of General Yue Fei @Hangzhou & the Israelites

General Yue Fei, a military general who fought for the Song Dynasty armies against the Jin, has risen to an almost mythic worship representing loyalty.

Due to my ethnic background I find the following story related to Yue Fei, loyalty and the Chinese Kei-Feng Israelites absolutely fascinating. Wikipedia writes (highlight not in original text):

Yue had the four Chinese characters jìn zhōng bào guó (simplified Chinese: 尽忠报国; traditional Chinese: 盡忠報國 – "serve the country with the utmost loyalty") tattooed across his back. […]

According to The Kaifeng Stone Inscriptions, the Kaifeng Jews, one of many pockets of Chinese Jews living in ancient China, refer to this tattoo in two of their three stele monuments created in 1489, 1512, and 1663. The first mention appeared in a section of the 1489 stele referring to the Jews’ "Boundless loyalty to the country and Prince."  The second appeared in a section of the 1512 stele about how Jewish soldiers and officers in the Chinese armies were "Boundlessly loyal to the country."  Weisz believes these mentions prove "Israelites" (Chinese Jews) served as soldiers under Yue’s command.

 

Mausoleum of General Yue Fei @Hangzhou & the Israelites

Mausoleum of General Yue Fei @Hangzhou & the Israelites

Mausoleum of General Yue Fei @Hangzhou & the Israelites

Mausoleum of General Yue Fei @Hangzhou & the Israelites

Mausoleum of General Yue Fei @Hangzhou & the Israelites

 

The general seems to have a multitude of Chinese scholars and warriors to keep him company.

Mausoleum of General Yue Fei @Hangzhou & the Israelites

Mausoleum of General Yue Fei @Hangzhou & the Israelites

Mausoleum of General Yue Fei @Hangzhou & the Israelites

Mausoleum of General Yue Fei @Hangzhou & the Israelites

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